A side dish, sometimes referred to as an accompaniment, a side order, side item, or simply a side, is a food item that accompanies the entrée or main course at a meal.
Common side dishes such as salad, potatoes and bread are most often used with the main course throughout many countries of the western world.
In this Global Age, where travel and techonology and the sharing of food soures knows no bounderies, new and exotic side dishes have been introduced in American cuisine within the past decade. These items include foods such as rice and couscous, have grown to be quite popular throughout North America and Europe, especially at formal occasions ,with couscous appearing more commonly at dinner parties with Middle Eastern dishes on the menu.
For the most part, the typical American meal with a meat-based main dish might include one or two vegetable side dishes and one starch side dish, such as bread, potatoes, rice, or pasta.
But by far, the most popular side dish found in the United States and across the Atlantic is macaroni and cheese.